The five major perspectives of modern psychology are important to understand because they are central to other key concepts and theories throughout the course. For example, you will learn about them again in our discussion about personality and psychological disorders. For this assignment, using the Psychological Perspectives Comparison template (Links to an external site.), fill in the table to identify the key people and main ideas, as well as what you find compelling and what you don’t about each of the five major perspectives in psychology.

Your chart should:

  • Include at least 2 bullet points in each box
  • Bullet points do not have to be in complete sentences (but should have enough explanation for each point to be clear and understandable)
  • Should be in your own words (don’t just copy/paste from the book or a website – break down the ideas in your own words to explain what these perspectives are all about)
  • Should include a list of references used in APA format following the template (this list should include at minimum your lessons and your textbook).
  • In-text citations are not required (remember, this will be in your own words so don’t copy/paste)
  • Be informed by content from your readings, lessons, and research this week.
  • sample answer below,,\


Key People/TheoristsMain IdeasStrengthsWeaknesses
Founded by Ulric Neisser.Neisser is the father of cognitive psychology.Major theorists include Aaron T. Beck, Albert Ellis, and Donald Meichenbaun (Gregory, 2020).Talks about human perception.Talks about conception, reasoning, and judgment, decision making, problem solving, and language processing.Helps in categorization, making behavior choices, focuses on people’s thoughts and how the world functions.Can be used to explain how the mind functions.Helps in organizing information from internal and external environments.Can be used to control both inputs and outputs.Purports that human do not react to stimuli.It is based on obstruct ideas.It has ethical concerns associated with its approach.
Was the first to use behavioral approach and was started by John B. Watson.B. F. Skimmer as innovatorAlso includes Clark Hull, Carl Rodgers, and Edward Thorndike (Ray, 2021).  Explains the punishment and incentives that inspire irregular behavior.Talks of influence of interactions with individuals from the environment.Either weakens or strengths the environment.Based on behaviors that are observable.Makes it easier to gather information.Promotes efficiency of a therapy.Uses science-based methodology.It tends to focus on one perspective.Purports that people learn their behaviors.Have issues of ethics.
Fund by Sigmund Freud in the 1900.Other theorists on the same perspective include Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, and Alfred Adler (Gregory, 2020).          The perspective presents an argument that behavior is influenced by internal conflicts and forces that individual does not have awareness and control about.It is driven by unconscious thoughts.It is based on psychoanalysis based on conscious, preconscious, and unconscious (Gregory, 2020)..The perspective focuses on both nature and nurture.The perspective encourages optimism and enthusiasm.Based on case-by-case analysis with scientific procedure making it more practical (Gregory, 2020).The perspective is not based on scientific analysis.It may not be reliable.Does not support the aspect of free will.

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