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EACH FEEDBACK PAPER IS 100 WORD MIN.

FEEDBACK PAPER #1 

NELSON

If I were to purchase one of the paintings, I would consider buying Edward Manet’s, a bar at the Folies-Bergere 1881-1882 painting (Martin & Jacobus, 2018). I find the painting more creative and communicative, more so when it can clearly show how the lady bar attendant can multitask in serving so many customers in the bar and, at the same time, calmly attend to a male customer seen only through the mirror. The painting shows resilience and hard work at the workplace, virtues that make consider buying the picture. The painting is as well very attractive and bright enough to be observed from far.

According to chapter 4 concerning the elements of a good painting, I consider color and shape as the elements of my personal preference. As rightly noted by Amato et al. (2019), a good painting should well-distinguished colors properly toned not only to serve its attractive purpose but also to keep the message ring in the viewer’s minds for as long as possible. Different colors are outstandingly distinguished in the painting to show the different objects in the painter’s mind. The colors are used to pass the message to the minds of the viewers. The shape of the painting is also a standard one because a painting portrait of 37.75 by 51.25 inches is not too big, neither is it too small. It is standard enough to allow the painter to express himself to the viewers.

Public sculptures have a great voice in public memory (Martin & Jacobus, 2018). The public sculpture that I have interacted with and has had a lasting effect on my memory is the Les Voyageurs sculpture in Marseilles, France. Any time I see anything to do with France, I think of the sculpture, for it reminds me of the serenity of the place, somewhere I would not think twice when allowed to visit again.

References

Amato, S. R., Burnstock, A., Cross, M., Janssens, K., Rosi, F., Cartechini, L., … & Dik, J. (2019). Interpreting technical evidence from spectral imaging of paintings by Édouard Manet in the Courtauld Gallery. XRay Spectrometry48(4), 282-292.

Martin, F. D., & Jacobus, L. (2018). Humanities through the Arts. McGraw-Hill Education.

FEEDBACK PAPER #2

Angela

If I were going to purchase any of the paintings mentioned in our Chapter 4 section this week, I would probably buy the Flaming June. At first glance, it is a girl sleeping but when you look at the painting, so much more is within this painting. When I look at the picture, it calms me. It makes me feel relaxed and peaceful. Looking into the sea and seeing her sleeping, I am reminded of my peaceful moments spent at the ocean. I believe part of the reason that when I look at this painting and feel this way is because of the line element present in the picture. As we learned, horizontal lines like the one in this painting “tends to stress stability” (Martin & Jacobus, 2019, p.70). Thus, when I look at this painting and see the positioning of the sleeping June, it makes me feel calm. The curves of her body, with its open lines and her hair flowing with the same movement, give a “softer more flowing” (Martin & Jacobus, 2019, p.70) look to June. The texture of her dress with the shading makes it look like it is genuinely flowing on her body and gives it a feeling of realness and dimensions all over her body (Martin & Jacobus, 2019).

My favorite sculpture that immediately comes to mind  is the Iowa Jima Memorial. I come from a family of Marines. My grandfather was a Marine during World War II. He was not one of the six who raised the flag on top of Mount Suribachi but a Marine in WWII just the same.  The man I married was a former Marine, and my youngest daughter’s boyfriend is also a Marine, so to say I am partial to this branch is an understatement.

This sculpture reminds me of the brave men and women that have given their lives and continue to sacrifice so much of themselves for me, a stranger, every single day. I have seen this image depicted many times in pictures and miniature versions of the original. I finally got to see a smaller version of the original in South Carolina on Parris Island during my daughters’ boyfriends’ Marine Corp graduation. It was amazing to see this in person. This display that sets close to the Parade deck at Parris Island was also sculpted by Felix Weihs de Weldon, the artist of the original version and, larger version in Arlington, Virginia. Even though this version is smaller in scale, the feeling when I get when viewing it is quite large. The one in South Carolina is “one of three one-third sized models “of the original and was dedicated to Parris Island in 1952 (The Associated Press, 2016). I feel pride when I look at this sculpture, along with more gratitude than I can put into words in this paper. I think of the freedoms we are granted and the fact that my grandfather was involved in this very battle to show what we as American’s were willing to do to ensure our freedom. I feel so many emotions when I see this sculpture. It is tough to put into words exactly what they are, but I guess that is indeed what art is meant to do. Leave us speechless.

References

Martin, F. D., & Jacobus, L. A. (2019). The humanities through the arts (10th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

The Associated Press (Ed.). (2016). Iwo Jima monument at Parris Island refurbished.

    militarytimes.com. https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2016/03/16/

    iwo-jima-monument-at-parris-island-refurbished/

FEEDBACK PAPER #3

Beth

In today’s world, many crises are going on with law enforcement. As media and social media allow us to receive news faster, it does not necessarily mean that they are giving all the facts. The media’s reflection on law enforcement is resulting in more people resisting arrest, physical assaults on police, and many targeting police officers to murder them (Marrow, 2019). De-policing is causing violent crime rates to continuously rise. When the media portrays all police as bad and does not give the full account of the situation that has taken place, it creates a disdain for police officers whether they are good or bad.   

Less than 1% of police officers use unnecessary force toward individuals that are unwarranted, however, the one percent is still a sad situation, but many also forget that the police are only human, and error will often occur (Marrow, 2019). The media and especially social media, often depict officers as being corrupt more than they show the larger percent of good officers doing their jobs right, therefore, they put good officers at risk. The deceiving that comes from social media has proven to increase criminal behavior and allow a lack of personal responsibility on behalf of the suspect.   

According to Crandall, Parnell, and Spillan (2014), in order to have an effective crisis management system in place, you must understand the sources of the crisis events, the strategies to identify the crisis, and then plan for them. I would suggest that law enforcement agencies not communicate with the media until the full investigation of what happened has taken place. Of course, currently, with devices that record at our fingertips, it is a hard situation to control. In fact, the only reasonable response they can have is to be forthcoming once the investigation is over and the facts come out. All in all, if there is a bad cop on your force, you should not look the other way. Looking the other way not only causes damage to the public and its people but to other officers and police personnel that are doing their jobs right.   

References  

Crandall, W., Parnell, J. A., & Spillan, J. E. (2014). Crisis management in the new strategy landscape (2nd ed.). SAGE. 

Marrow, S. (2019). Social & News Media’s Effects on Law Enforcement. ISSN: 2692-5389; Volume 1 – Issue 4, DOI: 10.33552/AJGH.2019.01.000516.  

FEEDBACK PAPER #4

Lakeshi

Law Enforcement departments face numerous and diverse crisis issues when performing their diverse roles. These crises are instrumental and, in my opinion, offer an opportunity to change and adapt. According to Crandall, Parnell, & Spillan (2014), crisis poses a lingering impact on the overall industry over a long period. This creates the need to adopt effective crisis response strategies to counter these effects. Law enforcement agencies are currently facing numerous major crisis issues. One issue relates to police use of excessive force against the minority population, particularly the African American population. In the past decade, numerous cases have been experienced where officers have resulted in excessive force against minority populations. Ray (2020) notes that in 2020, following the killing of George Floyd, law enforcement departments throughout the country faced demonstrations over the four officers’ actions. 

In addition, numerous other cases have come into the limelight over the continued poor dealing of the police against African American populations. The implications of this crisis result in lingering consequences and greatly affected the relationship between minority populations and the police. Ray (2020) notes that numerous human rights organizations have rebuked these actions resulting in popular slogans such as “Black Lives Matters.”

Tackling the poor relationship between the police departments and the minority population is not easy and requires cooperation among the involved parties. The recommendation I would make is for the community leaders to train law enforcement officers on alternative ways for conducting arrests. On the other hand, it is also important to hold discussions with the community on ways to decelerate conflict with the police. 

References

Crandall, W., Parnell, J. A., & Spillan, J. E. (2014). Crisis management in the new strategy landscape (2nd ed.). SAGE.

Ray, R. (2020, November 11). How can we enhance police accountability in the United States? Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/policy2020/votervital/how-can-we-enhance-police-accountability-in-the-united-states/

FEEDBACK PAPER #5

Christophe

Do Bail Bondsmen Help or Hurt the Pretrial Process?

Worrall and Moore (2014) report that because there is a presumption of innocence in the U.S. constitution, citizens have a right to reasonable bail when charged with a crime. The exception to this is if the person is accused of a capital crime. Lahiri (2010) reports that in reaction to increases in serious crime, some states are now attempting to pass a constitutional amendment that would prohibit bail not just for those accused of a capital crime but to all crimes where the defendant could receive a life sentence if the judge believes they could be violent. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is strongly opposed to these initiatives saying that, while everyone has a valid interest in maintaining public safety, this should not come at the price of losing our fundamental civil rights. I can’t entirely agree with the ACLU and believe that judges should have the right to deny bail to those violent offenders who are potentially facing a life sentence. Just like the ACLU, I believe protecting our fundamental civil rights is critical. Still, a significant part of preserving those rights means that citizens must be protected from violence to the extent possible.

Bondsmen have the capacity to both help and hurt the pretrial process. Some individuals who do not have the assets to make bail can go to the bondsman and have them guarantee the bond for them. There is, of course, a fee for the service that is not refundable even if the person is later found innocent. The downside to the bail process, says Montopoli (2013), is that the system is unfair to the poor. This is because the poor cannot post bail. After all, they cannot pay the bail or, in many cases, cannot even pay the bail bondmen 10% to 15% of the bail amount to get the bondsman to cover it. Thus, Montopoli (2013) says the destitute suspect must remain behind bars until the trial date even if the charge is minor such as jumping a subway turnstile.

The problem is not a minor one. A study of non-felony offenders in New York who had bail set at $1,000 or less found 87% of the group could neither post their bail nor engage a bail bondsman. On average, these non-felony offenders stayed incarcerated for an average of 15.7 days. In some cases, the suspect remained in jail awaiting trial longer than the penalty they could expect if found guilty of the crime. The means that the poor are more likely to plea bargain the case, admit guilt, and have a criminal record. A reaction to this is that four states, Oregon, Kentucky, Wisconsin, and Illinois, have eliminated commercial bail bonds. The American Bar Association and the National Conference of Chief Justices have also called for abolishing the for-profit bail system (Montopoli, 2013).

References

Lahiri, R. (2010, Jun. 17). Why bail matters. American Civil Liberties Union. https://aclu-wa.org/blog/why-bail-matters

Montopoli, B. (2013, Feb. 8). Is the U.S. bond system unfair? CBS News. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/is-the-us-bail-system-unfair/

Williams, K. N. (2017). Public, safety, risk. Social Justice, 44(1), 36–61. https://search-ebscohost-com.bethelu.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ofs&AN=126568809&site=ehost-live

Worrall, J. L., & Moore, J. L. (2014). Criminal law and procedure. Pearson.

FEEDBACK PAPER #6

Brandon

The Bond Agent System

According to our textbook, judges oftentimes will set bail according to the nature of the criminal offense in question, and the judge may not consider the defendant’s ability to pay the bond (Worralll & Moore, 2013). The nature of the crime is the biggest factor when considering whether a defendant should be allowed bail. Crimes that may be punished by the death will not admit a defendant’s bail (Worralll & Moore, 2013). The crimes that will not allow a defendant to bail include murder, rape, and manslaughter. In my opinion, domestic violence should be added as a non-bondable offense. The reason for this is that domestic violence is a heinous crime. Pretrial research and lawsuits over excessive bail claims are two issues concerning the call to bail reform in America (Schnacke, 2018). Bail bondsmen are a big component of the bail process. Bail bondsmen help to fill the void of the defendants that may not be able to afford the price of the bail, as opposed to wealthier criminal offenders. Bail bondsmen collect a fee from the criminally accused, a percentage of the bail, and will post a bond for the defendant to be released (Worralll & Moore, 2013). Bail bondsmen act as a financial institution and have been criticized for numerous reasons, but in reality, they act as a business. According to our textbook, a flaw of the bail bonds agent system is the amount of power the bondsmen have in regard to deciding which defendant will be released from jail, and who will stay (Worralll & Moore, 2013). The bond agent system may have some inherent flaws but is essential to give less fortunate defendants the same right as their more fortunate counterparts.

References

Schnacke, T. R. (2018). A Brief History of Bail. Judges Journal57(3), 4+. https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A564465835/AONE?u=tel_a_bethelc&sid=AONE&xid=4c428b6a

Worralll J. L., & Moore J. L. (2013). Criminal Law and Procedure (Subscription). [Savant Learning Systems]. Retrieved from https://savantlearningsystems.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780133458480/

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